Uneven, patchy skin is a common, yet frustrating, condition. Known as melasma, this skin condition causes brown or greyish patches to develop on the face.
Melasma can occur in both men and women and most commonly affects the forehead, cheeks, nose, and chin. While you can’t always anticipate melasma, you can reduce its appearance with the right topical products and other non-invasive treatments. Learn more about melasma, what causes it, and how you can reduce the look of dark spots on skin.
What Causes Melasma?
Researchers suggest that progesterone and estrogen sensitivity have been found to be associated with this condition. Darker skinned individuals are also at a higher risk of developing melasma than lighter-skinned people.
Other possible causes of melasma include stress, thyroid disease, and excessive sun exposure. Ultraviolet rays have been found to affect the skin cells that control pigment.
How is Melasma Treated?
Melasma is often a chronic condition requiring long-lasting treatments. Depending on the cause of the condition, your physician may prescribe you medication to fix the underlying cause.
For example, if your melasma is due to a hormonal imbalance, fixing the hormonal issue may stop melasma. Certain medications may also be to blame for your unwanted skin pigmentation. If this is the case, the best hyperpigmentation treatment is the discontinuing of the medications. However, talk to your physician first.
Topical treatments are often a go-to pigmentation treatment for individuals who prefer to treat themselves at home. At the Cutis Laser Clinics, we offer the Dr. Sylvia’s Advanced Clear Skin Program. This 3-step program contains Skin Lightening (3), an Exfoliator Forte (4), and a Balancer (5).
Together, these skin lightening products can fade age spots, freckles, melasma, and other unwanted pigmentation. This skin lightening treatment can also be combined with Dr. Sylvia’s skin cleanser and toner.
Intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy such as Limelight is also an effective solution for brown spots on face. This pigmentation laser treatment works by sending strong pulses of light onto specific parts of the skin without damaging the tissues around it. This safe and effective treatment provides results that become visible over several weeks following the treatment. If you have unwanted pigmentation on face, Limelight IPL is a proven procedure for sunspots and other forms of hyperpigmentation.
Cutis Chemical Peels are also an option for individuals who want fast results. Chemical peels work by applying safe solutions such as trichloroacetic acid, alpha hydroxy acid, or phenol to the skin in a controlled manner. These solutions remove the top layer of skin to reveal a smoother, more even skin tone underneath. Chemical peels are an effective treatment for wrinkles, uneven skin pigmentation, and other facial blemishes.
While you can’t always prevent melasma, you can reduce your chance of it coming back. Apply sunscreen regularly to protect your skin against UV rays. Be sure to monitor any changes in your skin over time and report any concerns to your doctor.
To learn more about treatment for pigmentation conditions like melasma, contact Cutis Laser Clinics and schedule a consultation with our skin specialist in Singapore, Dr. Sylvia Ramirez.