There’s nothing more annoying than unwanted dark spots that keep coming back. If you have experimented with various treatment for hyperpigmentation and are yet to see convincing results, it’s high time to ditch your old skin care routine for both modern and time-tested skin lightening treatment that delivers superior yet safe results.
Intense Pulsed Light
Sun damage usually starts manifesting as nothing more than an adorable sprinkling of freckles across your face, but as time goes by, these freckles could turn into larger brown spots that are no longer easy to conceal (nor cute to look at).
Intense pulsed light or IPL brings to the surface all of your sun damage because dermal pigmentation absorbs the light, flakes off at the top, and then fades away. IPL treatment such as Limelight by Cutera can be programmed to selectively treat red or brown spots on your skin, or larger areas of mottled complexion, that do not easily respond to other skin lightening treatment.
Because of its ability to draw out sun spots (which can be seen using multi-spectral imaging that reveals sun damage not visible to the human eye) and target them with precision, Limelight makes an ideal pigmentation laser treatment for those that have existing and latent sun damage below the skin’s surface (which, by the way, can take up to 15 years to show up).
One of the oldest skin resurfacing treatments in the world remains a safe and highly effective pigmentation treatment. In ancient Egypt, chemical peels employed food acids (such as lactic acid from soured milk) to strip away the damaged topmost layer of the skin.
Today, the science of chemical peels has greatly improved, using a combination of hydroxy acids and proprietary chemical/mineral blends at lower strengths to gently, gradually and safely fade away unwanted areas of pigmentation while triggering new collagen growth from the lower, dermal layer of the skin.
While single-acid chemical peels that mainly use glycolic or salicylic acid have their own uses, the most effective chemical peels are often a cocktail of ingredients that work synergistically to enhance each other’s pigmentation removal properties and bring out more impressive results. Vitamin C, for example, has a well-documented effect on reversing sun damage by attacking free radicals that lead to the formation of sunspots; hydroquinone, on the other hand, inhibits the production of melanin, which gives skin its color. This combination makes both ingredients vital as hyperpigmentation treatment that works at both the top layer and cellular level of the skin.
This is why Cutis Crystal Peel, a popular pigmentation removal Singapore patients love, makes a superior skin whitening peel treatment for those who have age spots, pregnancy marks, or uneven skin tone or discoloration anywhere on the face and body. Along with vitamin C and hydroquinone, Cutis Crystal Peel contains extracts of uva ursi (bearberry) which works like hydroquinone in the form of arbutin, kojic acid, a mild inhibitor of pigment formation, and glycolic acid that works in the deeper layers of the skin for a multi-layered peel.
Hydroquinone has long been used as a skin pigmentation treatment because of its ability to inhibit melanin formation at the cellular level by interrupting tyrosinase activity, an enzyme responsible for making pigment. Hydroquinone is the central ingredient in Dr Sylvia Skin Care’s Advanced Clear Skin Program, a pigmentation treatment Singapore patients have come to trust.
After cleansing and moisturizing, applying Skin Lightener 3, either by itself or as part of the program, is highly recommended. It contains 4% hydroquinone, gentle enough to be used regularly but strong enough to fade stubborn dark spots at the topmost layer of the skin.
To make sure that hydroquinone penetrates into the deeper layers, use the Exfoliator Forte 4, which contains 14% AHA (alpha hydroxyl acids) buffered to 10%. AHAs are known to break down the keratinization of the stratum corneum so dead skin cells at the top layer are sloughed off to enable skin at the lower layers absorb skin care products better. This is how the Balancer 5 is able to deliver hydroquinone at this depth to target skin pigmentation that occurs at the cellular level.
After undergoing any of these treatments, it’s important to protect yourself from sun exposure at all times. Avoid the sun as best as you can, and apply broad-spectrum SPF 30 or better when you cannot. Learn how to avoid accidental sun exposure and what you can do about existing sun and age spots by reading our blog posts on sneaky sun damage and pigmentation removal treatments.